The Senses 

Humans have five fundamental senses that we often think of immediately.

The sense of smell, touch, hearing, smell and taste.

In fact, we have 2 other senses that we use every day, proprioception and vestibular.


Olfactory is the sense of smell. It has many objectives, such as detecting hazards, pheromones and food.

Humans have 400 odorous receptors that integrate with other senses to form the sense of flavor.

Low olfactory capacity in people may be a symptom of a health problem or aging. Schizophrenia and depression, for example, often interfere with or decrease the sense of smell.


Our vision is created by this sense.  Visual stimuli are captured by visual receptors in the eye.

Visual receptors are stimulated by light, color and movement.

People without vision will often have improved hearing, taste, touch and smell.


The sound is processed by the "hearing" sense.

Hearing receptors are located in the inner ear and identify loud, soft, close and distant noises from the environment.

Our sense of hearing allows us to feel and understand sound.

It allows us to determine where a sound comes from and its importance.


Taste comes from our to the "gustatory" sense. Taste is picked up by the taste receptors located in different areas of our tongues and linked to the olfactory sense (smells). Sweet, acidic, bitter, salty and spicy flavours are treated through our taste sense.


Proprioception is the sense by which we perceive the position and movement of our body, including our sense of balance and the position of the body in space.

It includes the direction of movement and the position of our limbs and muscles.

Proprioception is the sense of effort and control of our arms and legs. It helps us determine strength and heaviness.​


The vestibular system includes the parts of the inner ear and brain that process sensory information

involved in controlling balance and eye movements.

Any activity that changes the position of our head affects our vestibular sense.

Vestibular senses can distinguish speed and direction of movement.

It also contributes to our ability to maintain balance and posture of the body.


The tactile sensation refers to the sense of touch, especially the information received as a result

variable pressure or vibration on the skin.

It is a somatic sensation (which comes from the surface of the body rather than from the inside) and is created by the  "tactile" sense

Some areas of our skin have more tactile receptors than others, such as the mouth and hands.

The tactile sense is important to identify touch, pressure, pain, temperature and texture. It gives us the opportunity to feel our environment through touch.

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